Malaysia as I see have evolve in leadership style after Dr. Mahathir era. Previously, full autocratic have being used to bring and guide MALAYSIAN into shape, as what we seen now. As evolution take places, Malaysian are slowly evolving and seeking new leadership style.
I could say that three main leadership currently in this world.
- Authoritarian or autocratic
- Participative or democratic
- Delegative or Free Reign
Good leader should used all three style, with one of them normally dominate. We could detect bad leadership will only stick to one. *credit to Don Clark
This style is used when the leader tells her employees what she wants done and how she wants it done, without getting the advice of her followers. Some of the appropriate conditions to use it is when you have all the information to solve the problem, you are short on time, and your employees are well motivated.Some people tend to think of this style as a vehicle for yelling, using demeaning language, and leading by threats and abusing their power. This is not the authoritarian style…rather it is an abusive, unprofessional style called bossing people around. it has no place in a leaders repertoire.
The authoritarian style should normally only be used on rare occasions. If you have the time and want to gain more commitment and motivation from your employees, then you should use the participative style.
This type of style involves the leader including one or more employees in on the decision making process (determining what to do and how to do it). However, the leader maintains the final decision making authority. Using this style is not a sign of weakness, rather it is a sign of strength that your employees will respect.This is normally used when you have part of the information, and your employees have other parts. Note that a leader is not expected to know everything — this is why you employ knowledgeable and skillful employees. Using this style is of mutual benefit — it allows them to become part of the team and allows you to make better decisions.
Delegative (free reign)
In this style, the leader allows the employees to make the decision. However, the leader is still responsible for the decisions that are made. This is used when employees are able to analyze the situation and determine what needs to be done and how to do it. You cannot do everything! You must set priorities and delegate certain tasks.This is not a style to use so that you can blame others when things go wrong, rather this is a style to be used when you have the full trust and confidence in the people below you. Do not be afraid to use it, however, use it wisely!
NOTE: Also known as lais…sez faire (or lais…ser faire) which is the noninterference in the affairs of others. [French : laissez, second person pl. imperative of laisser, to let, allow + faire, to do.]
Depending on situation, good leader could recognise which leadership style should be used. Below are example:
- Using an authoritarian style on a new employee who is just learning the job. The leader is competent and a good coach. The employee is motivated to learn a new skill. The situation is a new environment for the employee.
- Using a participative style with a team of workers who know their job. The leader knows the problem, but does not have all the information. The employees know their jobs and want to become part of the team.
- Using a delegative style with a worker who knows more about the job than you. You cannot do everything! The employee needs to take ownership of her job. Also, the situation might call for you to be at other places, doing other things.
- Using all three: Telling your employees that a procedure is not working correctly and a new one must be established (authoritarian). Asking for their ideas and input on creating a new procedure (participative). Delegating tasks in order to implement the new procedure (delegative).
Transformational Element in Malaysia Political Leadership
One should always ask does new leader takes new direction or taken same steps as previous leaders. Dr. Mahathir expect continuity of governmental policies will not change much; which Pak Lah ignored. As results, MALAYSIAN are starting to fall into PAK LAH “DELEGATIVE” leadership style, which actually good for modern and robust people. But as Malaysian are stiff as tanks, they hardly evolve. Yet Pak Lah that well known as “good leadership”, he forgot that in Malaysia one can ever please the ulamas, the bureaucracy, the media, he NGOs, the business community and everyone else at the same time. It doesn’t happen because such diverse constituencies will inevitably be seeking very different policy objectives.
Therefore, Malaysian must realized that compromises are inevitable.
p/s: please read more here